Mar 15, 2014

Camp Douglas, Chicago

Camp Douglas opened in 1861 as a training site for soldiers for the Civil War. It was named for the man who donated its 60 acres of land, Stephen A. Douglas. It was bounded by what would be 31st Street, 33rd Place, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive and Cottage Grove Avenue.

It became a prisoner-of-war camp in early 1862. Though intended for a maximum of 6,000 prisoners, it often "accommodated" as many as 12,000 at one time. An estimated total of 26,000 prisoners were housed here during the war. Thousands died.

  1. Camp Douglas (Chicago) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Camp Douglas, in Chicago, Illinois, Illinois, was one of the largest Union Army prisoner-of-war camps for Confederate soldiers taken prisoner during the ...

    More images for camp douglas chicago

  2. Camp Douglas a forgotten piece of Civil War history - Chicago Tribune › ... › Civil War

    Chicago Tribune
    May 31, 2013 - David Keller, the managing director of the Camp Douglas Restoration Foundation, stands in the 3200 block of South King Drive in Chicago on ...
  3. Articles about Camp Douglas - Chicago Tribune › Featured Articles

    Chicago Tribune
    Camp Douglas News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Camp Douglas From The ChicagoTribune.
  4. Chicago's Camp Douglas, 1861‑1865 — J. Ill. S. H. S. 53:37‑63

    University of Chicago
    Oct 5, 2013 - camp for Confederate prisoners: not so bad, really. Part of a large American history site: 4500 webpages, 59 books, 26000 pages of print.
  5. Camp Douglas Civil War Prison - CensusDiggins

    The North's Andersonville! Camp Douglas was located in Chicagonear the shores of Lake Michigan. It was known as the northern prison camp with the highest  ...
  6. [PDF]

    A History of Camp Douglas Illinois, Union Prison, 1861-1865

    U.S. National Park Service
    I. CAMP DOUGLAS AS A CAMP OF INSTRUCTION. A. War Spirit in Illinois. For the people of Chicago, the year 1861 would be an especially momentous one  ...
  7. Camp DouglasChicago's Civil War Prison - Arcadia Publishing

    Arcadia Publishing
    Thousands of Confederate soldiers died in Chicago during the Civil War, not from battle wounds, but from disease, starvation, and torture as POWs in a military ...
  8. 80 Acres of Hell – Camp Douglas - Tripod

    In 1861, a tract of land at 31st Street and Cottage Grove Avenue inChicago was provided by the estate of Stephen A. Douglas for a Union Army training post.
  9. Camp Douglas - - Chicago Sun-Times

    Chicago Sun‑Times
    If the United States Zouave Cadets were the Chicago Bulls of the 1850s, then their ... Called Camp Douglas, the prison was a wretched place where some ...
  10. Death Register from Camp Douglas Chicago, Illinois, 1865

    Series : Death Register of Prisoners at Camp Douglas, Illinois, compiled 1889 - 1904, documenting the period 1864 - 1864; HMS Entry Number(s): 
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  12. Two of my great great grandfathers Lewis Harlan and David Lockridge were part of the 34th Iowa Infantry Regiment who took 5,000 captured Confederates from the Battle of Arkansas Post to Camp Douglas in Chicago. They were in three crowded steamboats and both soldiers and prisoners were dying all the way. A description below:


    There were five thousand prisoners of war taken at this place. My regiment was detailed to take charge of them, and guard them to Chicago, Ill.

    Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

    G. W. Clark, Colonel Commanding Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry

    Report of Adjutant General of Iowa, 1865, Vol. 2, pages 1206 to 1214 incisive. Colonel George
    W. Clark's history of operations of Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry.

    The official reports of brigade and division commanders confirm the statements of Colonel
    Clark, and commend his conduct and that of his regiment in the highest terms. Iowa regiments
    fought side by side at Arkansas Post, and there, as upon many other hard fought fields, nobly
    maintained the honor of their State.

    After the battle, the Thirty-fourth Iowa with five companies of another regiment was detailed to take charge of the prisoners. The performance of this arduous and important duty is thus described by Colonel Clark, in his official report, to which reference has been made:

    . . . The long confinement we had already endured of a crowded boat had almost destroyed the health of the regiment. I was ordered to take my regiment and five companies of another, and guard the prisoners, five thousand in number, to Chicago. For this purpose I was furnished three of the poorest boats 5n the fleet. If we had been previously crowded) we were now literally packed and jammed an aggregate of six thousand five hundred men on three boats. It was midwinter, and the weather excessively cold. The cases: of smallpox had multiplied in the regiment and, before we reached St. Louis, this disease broke out among the prisoners. The unserviceable condition of our boats, and the: fact that we had to collect fuel, as we could find it along the river, rendered our trip slow and tedious. We were two weeks going from Arkansas Post to St. Louis. The human suffering during this trip exceeded anything I have ever witnessed: in the same length of time. After leaving all the cases of smallpox and the men sick with other diseases at St. Louis, I proceeded to Chicago with the prisoners, left them at Camp Douglass, and returned to Benton Barracks, where I arrived or' the 6th of February,

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